The internet allows us to communicate, share information and access a vast amount of data and online services. However, connecting to the Internet also comes with some dangers, such as the possibility of encountering computer threats such as viruses, spyware, fraud and hacker attacks.
Knowing the network means understanding:
Knowing about the existence of cyber threats and how to protect your computer and your data will help you avoid any problems. For this reason, it is useful to know antivirus and antimalware software, choose strong passwords and perform online safety practices such as backing up your data. It’s also important to be aware of online fraud and scams and know how to avoid falling victim to these threats.
The internet has become an integral part of our daily lives, giving us unlimited access to information, services and entertainment. However, being online can be dangerous if you don’t know the right precautions to take.
Thus, what can be considered as personal data?
GDPR provides that:
It also requires you to tell data subjects who you share the personal data with (the recipients or categories of recipients of the personal data).
GDPR describes different situations where a company or an organisation is allowed to collect or reuse your personal information:
In all other situations, the company or organisation must ask for your agreement (known as “consent”) before they can collect or reuse your personal data.
With the term cybersecurity (or computer safety) we mean The efforts to design, implement, and maintain security for an organization’s network, which is connected to the Internet. It is a combination of logical/technical-, physical- and personnel-focused countermeasures, safeguards and security controls. An organization’s cybersecurity should be defined in a security policy, verified through evaluation techniques (such as vulnerability assessment and penetration testing) and revised, updated and improved over time as the organization evolves and as new threats are discovered.
The main threats to your online security can be:
In relation to computer safety, you need to be able to:
Regarding personal data and privacy protection, you need to be able to:
These are few, simple precautions, but they are worth following:
one of the most important cyber security tips to mitigate ransomware is patching outdated software, both operating system, and applications. This helps remove critical vulnerabilities that hackers use to access your devices;
this will help protect your computer from any computer threats such as viruses, spyware and malware. A firewall helps screen out hackers, viruses, and other malicious activity that occurs over the Internet and determines what traffic is allowed to enter your device;
create strong passwords that combine letters, numbers and symbols. Avoid using personal information or easily guessed words. Remember that your password should contain at least one lowercase letter, one uppercase letter, one number, and four symbols;
Web browsers like Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, and Microsoft Edge offer advanced security features to keep your data and computer safe;
this is a service that adds additional layers of security to the standard password method of online identification. With two (or multi) factor authentication, you will enter one additional authentication method such as a Personal Identification Code, another password or even fingerprint;
you should be very cautious about the information you include online. It is recommended that you only show the very minimum about yourself on social media. Consider reviewing your privacy settings across all your social media accounts, particularly Facebook.
Suspicious links can be used to spread viruses and malware. Before clicking on a link, make sure it’s from a reliable source.
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