Lesson 2 The Digital Competence Framework for Citizens

In order to promote the acquisition of Digital Competences, the European Commission has developed the European Digital Competence Framework for Citizens — known as DigComp — and a related self-assessment tool. The Digital Competence Framework for Citizen (DigComp) provides a common understanding of what digital competence is. It identifies 21 competences in five key areas, describing what it means to be digitally savvy. In order to achieve their goals in terms of employability, learning and participation in society, people are expected to have competences in each of these areas.

Eight proficiency levels for each competence have been defined through learning outcomes (using action verbs, following Bloom’s taxonomy) and inspired by the structure and vocabulary of the European Qualification Framework (EQF). Moreover, each level description contains knowledge, skills and attitudes, described in one single descriptor for each level of each competence; this equals to 168 descriptors (8 x 21 learning outcomes). An online validation survey helped to revise a first version of the levels, and to produce a final version.

The competences are defined as follows:

DigiComp 5 key areas

  • Browsing, searching and filtering data, information and digital content
  • Evaluating data, information and digital content
  • Managing data, information and digital content
  • Interacting through digital technologies
  • Sharing through digital technologies
  • Engaging in citizenship through digital technologies
  • Collaborating through digital technologies
  • Netiquette
  • Managing digital identity
  • Developing digital content
  • Integrating and re-elaborating digital content
  • Copyright and licences
  • Programming
  • Protecting devices
  • Protecting personal data and privacy
  • Protecting health and well-being
  • Protecting the environment
  • Solving technical problems
  • Identifying needs and technological responses
  • Creatively using digital technologies
  • Identifying digital competence gaps