In order to promote the acquisition of Digital Competences, the European Commission has developed the European Digital Competence Framework for Citizens — known as DigComp — and a related self-assessment tool. The Digital Competence Framework for Citizen (DigComp) provides a common understanding of what digital competence is. It identifies 21 competences in five key areas, describing what it means to be digitally savvy. In order to achieve their goals in terms of employability, learning and participation in society, people are expected to have competences in each of these areas.
Eight proficiency levels for each competence have been defined through learning outcomes (using action verbs, following Bloom’s taxonomy) and inspired by the structure and vocabulary of the European Qualification Framework (EQF). Moreover, each level description contains knowledge, skills and attitudes, described in one single descriptor for each level of each competence; this equals to 168 descriptors (8 x 21 learning outcomes). An online validation survey helped to revise a first version of the levels, and to produce a final version.
The competences are defined as follows: